Ford Force buyers guide

The ford force range, launched in 1968 was a long way ahead of the models they replaced. The main changes were an upgraded cylinder block with a screw on oil filter and the smaller 2000 and 3000 gained the same gear box as the bigger models with eight forward and 2 reverse gears.

The most popular model then, and arguably still now was the four cylinder 5000. With 75 hp and a well balanced chassis it was well regarded as a top performer. The four cylinder turbo 95 ford 7000 was introduced in late 1971. In 1974 the 5000 and the 7000 gained the Dual power change on the go splitter along with two speed pto.

The range also included the three cylinder 2000 (37hp), 3000 (47hp) and 4000 (62hp)

The basic mechanicals and compact dimensions made these tractors desirable when new as well as now.

 

Engine:

The engine block was the thorn in the side of the Ford force models. Notorious for turning porous, many will have been fitted with the after market cross block much to the disdain of many enthusiasts as it takes away from the originality of the tractors. We fitted a New Holland stamped block to our own 4000 around ten years ago as it seemed more cost effective than re-boring and sleeving. This is instantly recognisable by the external cross pattern and is a sure way of knowing if the block has been changed.

As always, check the state of the oil as a milky colour will signal the engine needing a complete overhaul due to water contamination. Also beware of tractors emitting oily smoke from the breather pipe as this is also a sign of bad health.

These tractors were known to be good starters even from cold so try to ensure this is still the case.

Transmission:

The 8speed gear box is widely regarded as being bullet proof and should be of little concern. On 5000/7000 models fitted with dual power, check that the high/low gears engage as they should as if not then it’s likely that the dual power unit has failed and will require the tractor to be split to replace. Also check around the split pin on the bell housing for oil leaks. If there is then the input or out put seals will have perished which will involve splitting the tractor to replace.

Any tractor with the select-o-speed transmission should be a “stand clear” as they were regarded as being ahead of there time, under engineered and unreliable.

 

Pto

The 4000/5000/7000 models have an independent hydraulically operated power take off which was a huge plus point as it could be engaged / disengaged without having to clutch or stop the tractor when in motion.

Check that the pto spline starts and stops as it should as if not the tractor will need to be split to fix the pto brake or clutch plate.

 

Linkage:

Years of hard work can take there toll on the rear linkage. Check that the lift can hold itself up under load, not needing to correct itself at much less than 30 second intervals. Any more and this can signal weak seals. Also if you can load the linkage and pull out the auxiliary button, (under the seat), check that it can support the load without dropping to rapidly as this also shows wear on the seals.

 

Front axle:

Pay close attention to the steering splines and the king pins. Any more than a half inch gap will mean the bottom thrust bearing has failed and needs replacing. If not caught in time it may be necessary to rebuild the stub axle with weld and re machining it or replace the unit. Similarly check the state of the front axle pin and the steering for wear.

As a whole the size, balance and sparky performance of these tractors made them stand out from the rest, and apart from the porous block these were well made machines.

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